How to Compute GWA in Senior High School | Master the Art of Calculating Your Academic Success

How to Compute GWA in Senior High School

Welcome to this comprehensive guide on how to compute GWA in Senior High School. As a student, understanding your academic performance is crucial, and your GWA plays a significant role in determining your overall progress. Whether you’re aiming for honors or scholarships, knowing how to calculate your GWA accurately is essential.

The GWA calculator is a useful tool for Senior High School students to accurately compute their General Weighted Average, aiding in tracking academic progress. In this article, we’ll dive deep into the intricacies of the grading system, provide step-by-step instructions on GWA computation, and share useful tips to help you achieve the best possible results.

Understanding the Grading System in Senior High School

Before we delve into GWA computation, it’s essential to grasp the grading system used in Senior High School. The Philippine educational system typically employs the 10-point grading scale, where numerical grades are translated into letter grades. Each letter grade corresponds to a specific range of numerical values, indicating the level of achievement for a particular subject.

Here’s a breakdown of the 10-point grading scale:

Numerical GradeEquivalent Letter GradeDescription
90-94A-Very Good
80-84BAbove Average
60-64DNeeds Improvement
Below 60FFailed

What is GWA in Senior High School?

In senior high school, “GWA” stands for “General Weighted Average.” It is a numerical representation of a student’s overall academic performance throughout a specific period, usually a semester or an entire school year. The GWA is calculated by assigning a weight to each subject’s grade based on its credit units or academic load. The higher the grade in an issue and the more credit units it carries, the more it contributes to the student’s GWA.

How to Compute for GWA:

Calculating your Grade Weighted Average (GWA) involves assigning numerical values to your grades and then determining the weighted average by multiplying each course grade by its respective credit hours, summing these values for all courses, and finally dividing by the total completed credit hours. This method provides a distinctive and concise way to assess your overall academic performance.

Step-by-Step Guide to Computing GWA in SHS

Now that you have a clear understanding of the grading system, let’s proceed with calculating your GWA. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you through the process:

Step 1: Gather Your Grades

The first step is to gather all your subject grades for the specific period you want to calculate the GWA. This could be for a semester, a school year, or a particular set of subjects.

Step 2: Convert Letter Grades to Numerical Equivalents

To compute your GWA, you need to convert each letter grade to its equivalent numerical value using the 10-point grading scale mentioned earlier.

Step 3: Compute the Total Credit Units

For each subject, identify the corresponding credit units. Credit units represent the weight or value assigned to each subject based on its complexity and the number of hours it meets per week.

Step 4: Calculate the Total Grade Points

To calculate the total grade points, multiply the numerical equivalent of each grade by the credit units of the subject.

Step 5: Sum up the Grade Points and Credit Units

Add up all the grade points and credit units obtained from Step 4. This will give you the total grade points and total credit units.

Step 6: Determine Your GWA

To compute your GWA, divide the total grade points by the total credit units. The result is your General Weighted Average (GWA) for the specific period.

Note: You can also compute your GWA with Excel

Tips for Accurate GWA Computation

Achieving an accurate GWA computation is crucial for tracking your academic progress. Here are some tips to help you get it right:

Tip 1: Keep Track of Your Grades

Maintain a record of your subject grades throughout the academic year. This will make it easier for you to gather the necessary information when calculating your GWA.

Tip 2: Double-Check Conversion

When converting letter grades to numerical equivalents, double-check your conversions to avoid errors in computation.

Tip 3: Pay Attention to Credit Units

Ensure that you accurately identify the credit units for each subject, as this directly affects the GWA calculation.

Tip 4: Seek Assistance from Teachers or Advisors

If you encounter difficulties or uncertainties in computing your GWA, don’t hesitate to seek guidance from your teachers or academic advisors.

Tip 5: Set Academic Goals

Use your GWA as a benchmark for setting academic goals. Strive to improve your GWA each term and challenge yourself to excel academically.

Tip 6: Take Care of Your Overall Well-Being

Remember that academic performance is not the sole measure of your worth. Take care of your physical and mental well-being to achieve a balanced and fulfilling student life.


Can I Compute My GWA for Specific Subjects Only?

Yes, you can calculate your GWA for specific subjects or sets of subjects, such as those taken within a semester or a school year.

How Often Should I Compute My GWA?

It’s advisable to compute your GWA at the end of each academic term to monitor your progress and identify areas for improvement.

Does the GWA Calculation Include Non-Academic Activities?

It’s advisable to compute your GWA at the end of each academic term to monitor your progress and identify areas for improvement.

Can I Still Improve My GWA After It’s Calculated?

Yes, your GWA is not fixed and can be improved over time as you achieve better grades in your subsequent academic terms.

Do Colleges and Universities Consider GWA in Admissions?

Yes, GWA is a crucial factor considered by colleges and universities during the admissions process. It reflects your academic competence and potential.

Is GWA Calculation Different in Colleges and Universities?

The GWA calculation in colleges and universities may vary slightly from the senior high school system. It’s best to inquire about the specific method used in the institution you plan to attend.

How to compute GWA in SHS?

Calculating your GWA in SHS requires a meticulous blend of grades and credits. By mastering the formula, you unveil your academic journey’s guiding star, ensuring each course plays its unique part in the tapestry of your scholastic success.


Calculating your GWA in Senior High School is an essential process that helps you gauge your academic performance and set educational goals. By understanding the grading system, following the step-by-step guide, and considering helpful tips, you can ensure an accurate GWA computation. Remember that your GWA is not the sole measure of your capabilities, so maintain a healthy balance between academic pursuits and overall well-being.

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