How to Compute GWA: A Step-by-Step Guide

how to compute GWA

We will guide you step-by-step on how to compute GWA and understand its significance. In the journey of every student’s academic life, one of the crucial metrics used to assess their performance is the General Weighted Average (GWA). GWA is a numeric representation of a student’s overall academic achievement, calculated based on the grades they obtained in each subject.

Whether you’re a college student trying to maintain your scholarship or an aspiring graduate with dreams of achieving academic excellence, knowing how to compute your GWA accurately is essential.

Despite manual calculations, visit our online GWA calculator and get your calculation in a second.

Understanding the Grading System

Before diving into the calculation process, it’s essential to understand the grading system used by your educational institution. Different schools and universities might use different scales, such as the 4.0 scale or the 5.0 scale. Some institutions may even use letter grades (A, B, C, etc.) without any numeric values. Make sure to clarify with your school’s academic guidelines to know the specific grading system applicable to you.

How to Calculate GWA

Step 1: Gather Your Grades

The first step in computing your GWA is to gather all the grades you’ve earned throughout the academic period. Make a list of the subjects you’ve taken, the corresponding credit units for each subject, and the grades you’ve received. Ensure that you have accurate information to avoid errors in the final calculation.

Step 2: Convert Grades to Numeric Values

If your school uses letter grades, you need to convert them into their equivalent numeric values. Each institution may have its own conversion table. For example, an “A” grade could be equivalent to 4.0 on a 4.0 scale, while a “B” grade could be equivalent to 3.0. Refer to your school’s grading system or seek guidance from your academic advisor to ensure accuracy.

Step 3: Calculate the Weighted Grade Points

After converting the grades to numeric values, the next step is to calculate the weighted grade points for each subject. To do this, multiply the numeric grade by the number of credit units for that subject. For example, if you scored a 3.5 in a 3-credit unit course, your weighted grade points would be 10.5.

Step 4: Add Up the Weighted Grade Points

Once you’ve calculated the weighted grade points for all your subjects, add them up to get the total weighted grade points.

Step 5: Sum Up the Credit Units

In this step, sum up all the credit units you’ve taken during the academic period.

Step 6: Compute the GWA

Now that you have the total weighted grade points and the sum of credit units, divide the total weighted grade points by the sum of credit units. The result will be your General Weighted Average (GWA). For example, if your total weighted grade points are 120 and you have taken 30 credit units, your GWA would be 120/30 = 4.0.

Why GWA Matters

The General Weighted Average is more than just a number on your transcript. It reflects your overall academic performance and is often considered by employers and scholarship committees. Maintaining a high GWA can open doors to various opportunities, including academic scholarships, internships, and job offers. It also serves as a gauge for your academic progress and can help you identify areas where you may need improvement.

Tips to Improve Your GWA

If you find that your GWA is not where you want it to be, don’t fret. Here are some tips to help you improve your academic performance:

1. Stay Organized

Keep track of your assignments, exams, and deadlines. A well-organized study routine can lead to better grades.

2. Seek Help When Needed

If you’re struggling with a particular subject, don’t hesitate to ask for help from your professors, classmates, or tutors.

3. Be Consistent

Consistent effort and dedication to your studies can lead to steady improvements in your GWA.

4. Take Care of Yourself

Maintaining a healthy balance between academics and personal well-being is crucial for overall success.


1. Can I compute my GWA on a semester basis?

Yes, you can compute your GWA for a specific semester by using the same steps mentioned in this article. Simply gather the grades and credit units for the subjects you took in that particular semester.

2. What happens if I fail a subject?

If you fail a subject, it will be factored into your GWA calculation as a numeric value of 0. This can significantly impact your overall GWA, so it’s essential to work on improving your performance in subsequent terms.

3. Is GWA the only factor considered by employers?

While GWA is a vital factor considered by some employers, they also take into account other factors like relevant skills, experiences, and interview performance.

4. Can I raise my GWA if I retake a subject?

Yes, retaking a subject and obtaining a higher grade can positively affect your GWA. However, some institutions may have specific rules regarding grade replacement, so check with your school’s policies.

5. Is GWA the same as GPA?

GWA and GPA (Grade Point Average) are similar in that they both represent a student’s academic performance. However, they might be calculated using different methods and scales depending on the institution. Make sure to differentiate between the two when applying for opportunities that require specific academic criteria.


Your General Weighted Average (GWA) is a powerful indicator of your academic performance. By understanding how to compute GWA accurately, you can track your progress and work towards achieving your academic goals. Remember, your GWA doesn’t define you as a person, but it can open doors to exciting opportunities. So, stay focused, work hard, and embrace the learning journey.


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