Cumulative Grading System vs. Average Grading System in the Philippines

Cumulative Grading System

Let’s talk about the Cumulative Grading System – it’s like the superhero of grading systems. Instead of giving grades, we add all your test and assignment scores to find your class grade. Each new test or assignment is important throughout the whole school year. This smart way, supported by research, helps you understand how you’re doing in class. There are two ways to grade students in the Philippines: Cumulative Grading System and Average Grading System. Both measure how well students are doing, but they use different scales. This article will help you understand the cumulative grading system in the Philippines.

Cumulative Grading System in the Philippines

In the world of grading, the “Cumulative Grading System” does things a bit. Instead of averaging your scores, it adds up all the points you could get and the ones you got.

Let’s explore with an example, Let’s think about a different way of grading, like in a physics class. You did four assignments, and each has a different importance: a lab experiment (20%), a midterm exam (30%), a research paper (25%), and a final exam (25%). Your scores were 85, 92, 88, and 95 out of 100. You’d find the average for each assignment based on their importance and add them up. That would give you an average of about 90.05. But if you add up all possible points (400) and your earned points (360), the final grade would be around 90, without the extra numbers you usually see in the regular average.

Let’s explore the Cumulative Grading System with another easy example

Let’s say a student has the following grades throughout the semester:

  • Preliminary Grade: 75
  • Midterm Grade: 85
  • Tentative Final Grade: 90

To calculate the final grade using a cumulative grading system where the Midterm counts as 40% and the Tentative Final Grade counts as 60%, you would do the following calculation:

Final Grade=0.4×Midterm Grade+0.6×Tentative Final Grade

Final Grade=0.4×85+0.6×90

Final Grade=34+54

Final Grade=88

So, the final grade for the semester would be 88.

See Also: What is Cumulative GWA

The Average Grading System in the Philippines

In the Average grading system we’re talking about, a student’s grade for a specific grading period is calculated by taking the average of all the grades they’ve received so far, including the current one. When figuring out a student’s grade (like A, B, C), we consider all their grades and choose the middle one.

1.5Very Good
4.0Conditional Failure
The Average grading in the Philippines

Example of Average grading in the Philippines

Let’s Suppose the Student’s grades are :

87 In Preliminary Term

94 in Middle Term

83 in the Final Term

(87+ 94 + 83 ) / 3 = 88

So, the final grade for the semester would be 88.

Benefits Of Cumulative Grading System Philippines

  • See How You’re Doing:
    • You and your parents can easily figure out how well you’re doing.
    • Unlike before, where grades started over every 45 days, the cumulative grading keeps track all the time.
  • No More Weird Grading:
    • Cumulative grading makes things fair. No more strange weightings of tests.
    • It gets rid of the average over marking periods, giving a better overall picture.
  • Teachers Understand Your Growth:
    • Teachers can now give more importance to later tests, showing your real progress.
    • This is better than before when early grades counted the same, even when you were just learning new stuff.
  • Tests Match Your Improvement:
    • The cumulative grading knows you get better over time.
    • Later tests are more important, matching the growth expected throughout the year.
  • Less Stress for You:
    • Don’t worry too much about one bad grade. A cumulative grading System means your overall grade doesn’t get hit hard by just one test.
    • It’s less stressful than before when a single bad grade could have a big impact.

How Final Grades Work in Cumulative Grading System

In cumulative grading, your final grades come from adding up all your scores across the year. Every test and assignment counts and the ones from later in the year matter more. It’s like putting together a story about how you’ve been doing, and the ending is the most important part. This way, your final grade shows how you did, not in one test.

Difference Between Average & Cumulative Grading System

The key difference is that GPA reflects performance in one term or semester, while the cumulative average considers the overall academic performance throughout the individual’s time at that school.

Average Grading System:

  • Your final grade is just the average of all your scores in assignments or tests.
  • All assignments count the same. They add up your scores and divide by how many assignments there are.

Read More: Grading System In The Philippines

Cumulative Grading System:

  • Your final grade depends on all the points you get throughout the whole term.
  • Some assignments or tests count more than others.
  • Your final grade is based on all the points you earn in every assignment and test.

Why the cumulative grading system is fair to the students?

The cumulative grading system is fair to students because it considers their overall performance over time.

What is a good cumulative grade?

A good cumulative grade is a high average that reflects consistent academic success across all terms or semesters.

What is the difference of GWA and cumulative?

GWA (General Weighted Average) represents the overall average of all grades, while Cumulative GPA (CGPA) specifically calculates the average over a defined period, considering individual course grades and credit hours.


In conclusion, this article talked about how grades are measured in the Philippines. The Cumulative Grading System adds up all points, unlike the usual average method. The article also mentioned the Average Grading System, which calculates a student’s grade as the middle point between past and present grades.

Check Also: PUP Grading System in the Philippines

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